Tulley Family Tinkering Lab Website

Tag: research

555 timer circuit success!

by on Mar.10, 2010, under science fair

Robbie and I went to bed last night thinking that his first 555 timing chip circuit did not work. The relay was either not firing at all, or firing in rapid succession. I realized that we probably needed a diode in the circuit, and researching it showed this to be the case. At that point, nothing worked at all — the voltage coming into the relay’s coil was too small to trigger the relay.

Overnight, one of my online friends pointed out that the diode needed to be connected in parallel to the relay’s coil (we had it in serial), and I realized that a transistor was needed to overcome the too-small voltage problem.

We needed this circuit: http://www.kpsec.freeuk.com/components/relay.htm#protect

After adding in the transistor and putting the diode in correctly this time, it worked! After the trigger came in we heard, “click”….. (2 second pause)… “click”!

555 circuit #1

555 circuit #1

555 circuit #2

555 circuit #2

555 circuit #3

555 circuit #3

Do you notice in these last two pictures the capacitance problem we had? I thought i had the correct capacitors, but we didn’t. Luckily Robbie’s Digital recording lab had one correct capacitor, and 10(!) other capacitors in series gave us the value we needed for the “control voltage” capacitance on the 555(really 556) chip.

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More science fair news

by on Mar.08, 2010, under science fair

Robbie has completed the first part of his project — wiring up a K’NEX motor so that there are wires sticking out that will work as a switch. Then that is mounted to a light switch face-plate. (with holes drilled at a 45 degree angle in the bottom of the faceplate). We verified that the motor was strong enough to turn on the light switch like this, and that it took about 2 seconds to rotate one full rotation.

Next we found a circuit on the web (listed in the first entry about this), that showed how to use a 555 chip to create a 2 second signal whenever it gets a small signal as an input. ( http://www.ecelab.com/circuit-monostable-555.htm ) Robbie’s is very similar but with one more 555 chip circuit added in to make sure that the signal only comes out one time for every 20 or so beeps of his alarm. I had to teach him about logic gates to design this. Luckily we had an AND and a NAND gate chip, since RadioShack does not carry any of those.

Hopefully tomorrow he can put together this part of the circuit. Then the only thing left is the sound detection circuit. We have a few different examples of those on the Internet. One with 3 transistors, and the other with an op-amp. The op-amp uses the lowest amount of battery power, but I’m not sure how well you can adjust the noise sensitivity. He will probably just have to build it and see.

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The Science Fair

by on Mar.03, 2010, under science fair

Robbie has a science / invention fair on the 17th and 18th of March (2010). He has been coming up with a whole bunch of ideas, and finally settled on one — a gadget that turns on his light in his room when his alarm goes off. With this, he will be more likely to get up and not just go back to bed.

Now we are poring over schematics for a whole bunch of circuits — sound detection — signal latching — servo or motor control. We’re pondering a whole bunch of electronics questions — is a 2N3904 transistor close enough to a BC548B to work in his circuit? If not, how does one modify the circuit to make it fit? (Radio Shack only had one type of amplifying transistor — NPN or PNP, I do not recall which). How do you interpret the markings on a capacitor?

Putting it all together will be fun too.
Links:
http://www.rev-ed.co.uk/docs/picaxe_sound.pdf
http://www.reconnsworld.com/audio_sounddetectlatch.html
http://www.ecelab.com/circuit-monostable-555.htm
http://www.datasheetcatalog.org/datasheet/fairchild/2N3904.pdf
http://www.philohome.com/sensors/gp2d12/gp2d12-datasheets/bc548.pdf
http://www.philohome.com/sensors/gp2d12/gp2d12-datasheets/bc558.pdf

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Robot Design: days two and three

by on Nov.27, 2009, under robots

Yesterday being Thanksgiving, we didn’t get much design done. I mostly just got the kids thinking about the types of robots they can build — flying, bipedal, wheeled, etc. Entertaining, useful, talking, etc. The one thing that kept coming up was that they want a robot that will clean their rooms for them. Hahaha, fat chance. Actually, Helen wants one that will blow-dry her hair for her too.

So, today I floated the idea of building a dog-like robot, and the kids really like this idea. Mike has a kit we might be able to use as a base.

Here are the dog-like characteristics it will have:

  • Bark
  • Walk
  • Run
  • Beg
  • Wag Tail
  • Shake
  • Roll Over
  • Sit
  • heel
  • growl
  • Chase cats
  • Lick

Other capabilities:

  • Play Music
  • Dance to Music
  • Play 20 questions
  • Give you the weather
  • Locate the nearest Restaurant/movie theater/etc
  • It will have an “UP” dog collar with volume control
  • Its feet will rotate into a position where it has wheels facing downward to travel quickly
  • Shock (in alarm mode)
  • Give other information(wifi connection to internet)
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Robot design: A very fortunate coincidence

by on Nov.27, 2009, under robots

My friends hold a twice-a-month board game night, and this time I was actually able to go. (Usually Tara has school that night and time).

Lars invited a coworker of his, Mike, to join. As I was telling Lars about our Robot-in-two-weeks challenge, Mike mentioned that he has built a few robots! (Yay, somebody that actually knows what they are doing). He is going to loan me a book on the subject, and possibly sell some robotics electronics he does not need.

He mentioned the Parralax Stamp, and Sumo robots. I need to keep the Stamp in mind when choosing a system of microprocessors/controllers.

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Robot Design: First Day

by on Nov.27, 2009, under robots

Ok, having a 7-year old tinkerer doesn’t work too well when you are in “research and design” mode(AKA watching videos on hackaday.com).

“Dad, can we please stop watching videos and go play in the leaves?”

But eventually the other to were excited by all of the possibilities and Robbie had sketched me a few drawings of what he wants (hint: everything cool, like cameras, sensors, shockers, touch-pad LCD displays, etc). Korinne created an OpenOffice drawing of a robot.

So, we have a few good ideas, but nothing concrete yet. We spent about 2 to 3 hours working on this.

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Zero to Robot in two weeks?

by on Nov.25, 2009, under robots

I’ve issued a daunting challenge to the kids: Build a robot in two weeks.

The plan is this — Over Thanksgiving break, brainstorm, research, and design a robot. Use this design to figure out what to purchase (microcontroller, servos, some sort of “body” for the robot).
Then, during the week before Christmas, build the robot.
I was inspired to do this because I want to give the kids a tinkering school-like experience, though that is not within our means to send them to right now. First I thought of having us make a go-cart, but was unsuccessful at procuring a lawn mower engine for the cause (and wheels, and stuff to make a chassis, etc).

Is it possible? Can we build a robot in so little time? One that does something useful, is autonomous, and on the cheap? Stay tuned, we should know very soon.

I’m off to call a meeting of the tinkerers, to get this ball rolling.

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